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The following cloze reading test has been designed to give you a taste of the cloze section in any
Michigan Proficiency test. If you can get eight out of ten correct, (or better) you’re in pretty good shape for the exam.
However, if you get less than eight correct, I would recommend more practice.
Cloze tests are part of the practice tests that are available from this site. Each practice test contains cloze, reading, vocabulary and grammar sections just like those found on the actual Michigan exams.Cloze Test Practice
Vaccination is a term coined by Edward Jenner for the __ 1 __ of administering live, albeit weakened, microbes to patients, with the intent of conferring immunity against a targeted form of a related __ 2 __ agent. Vaccination (Latin: vacca—cow) is so named because the first vaccine was derived from a virus affecting cows: the cowpox virus, a relatively benign virus that, in its __ 3 __ form, provides a degree of immunity to smallpox, a contagious and __ 4 __ disease. In common speech, 'vaccination' and 'immunization' generally have the same colloquial meaning.
Vaccination efforts were initially met with some resistance before early success brought widespread acceptance and mass vaccination campaigns were undertaken. The eradication of smallpox is considered the most spectacular success of vaccination. The last natural case of smallpox was discovered on October 26, 1977 in Somalia. This date is considered the anniversary of the __ 5 __ of smallpox.
Modern-day critics of vaccination are concerned that __ 6 __ vaccination plays a role in autoimmune disease and autism, though large-scale scientific studies have failed to find a link.
In the generic sense, the process of triggering immune response, in an effort to protect against infectious disease, works by 'priming' the immune system with an 'immunogen'. Stimulating immune response, via use of an infectious agent, is known as immunization. Vaccinations __ 7 __ the administration of one or more immunogens, in the form of live, but weakened (attenuated) infectious agents, which __ 8 __ are either weaker, but closely-related species (as with smallpox and cowpox), or strains weakened by some process. In such cases, an immunogen is called a vaccine.
Some modern vaccines are administered after the patient already has contracted a disease, as in the cases of experimental AIDS, cancer and Alzheimer's disease vaccines. Vaccinia given after exposure to smallpox, within the first four days, is reported to __ 9 __ the disease considerably, as vaccination within the first week is thought to be beneficial to a degree. The essential theory behind such immunizations is that the vaccine triggers __ 10 __ immune response than the natural infection itself.
1. process transmission procedure growing
2. sick unhealthy disease sickness
3. healthy demi sick weakened
4. deathable dead deadly deathly
5. eradication existence killing terminate
6. childhood adulthood childish children
7. produce involve need acquaint
8. virtually normally usually always
9. attenuate diminish eradicate disappear
10. super huge enormous superior
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