Parts of Speech

Knowing parts of speech is important especially when dealing with cloze texts.

Why?

It helps to identify what words are needed for the blank as it may help you eliminate those words that are grammatically wrong.

Look at the cloze pages on this site for more information about how to do the cloze section of the test.

When learning vocabulary, I place a lot of emphasis on derivatives. Knowing derivatives will help you learn the various parts of speech.

Below is a list of common suffixes that help indicate what parts of speech each word is.

Sometimes a word can be identified as a noun, adjective, adverb, or verb by its suffix (ending).

  1. The following suffixes usually indicate nouns:

ion, sion, tion

population

acy

accuracy

age

image

ance, ence

permanence

hood

childhood

ar, or

scholar, doctor

ism

socialism

ist

artist

ment

government

ness

happiness

y

beauty

ty

reality, capacity

 

  1. The following suffixes usually indicate adjectives:

 

al

natural

ful

beautiful

ly

friendly

ic

chronic

ish

childish

like

childlike

ous

populous, numerous

y

happy

ate

accurate

able, ible

capable, terrible

 

 

 

  1. The following suffix usually indicates adverbs:

 

ly

happily, readily, beautifully

 

  1. The following suffixes usually indicate verbs:

ify

beautify

ate

populate

ize

realize

en

widen, lengthen

 


Of course, there are exceptions to every rule and the same goes when dealing with parts of speech.

By knowing the various endings of words and learning how words are changed, you will be in much better shape when facing unknown words.

By identifying parts of speech, you’ll be able to avoid making costly cloze mistakes.

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